Simple Extractions: Techniques and Indications (Proceedings)

Extractions of teeth in dogs and cats are commonly categorized as simple or surgical, Surgical extractions involve periodontal flaps and the removal of bone to expose tooth roots. Simple extractions […]

7 Month Old Female English bulldog presented with Severe Non-painful Bilateral Mandibular Swelling

A 7 month old female English bulldog presented with severe non-painful bilateral mandibular swelling. What are your rule outs? Answer: Periostitis ossificans, craniomandibular osteopathy (CMO), renal secondary hyperparathyroidism and less […]

Small Mixed Breed Dog Presents for a Professional Dental Cleaning

Question: An 11-year-old small mixed breed dog presents for a professional dental cleaning. Your radiographs show severe bone loss. Answer: Based upon the severity of the bone loss, referral to […]

Impacted Tooth in a Dog and a Dentigerous Cyst

​This 18 month-old Golden Retriever presented for a missing right mandibular canine tooth (404), 3rd incisor (403), and 2nd incisor (402) What is the most likely radiographic finding? An unerupted […]